Volume of an Icosahedron – Formulas and Examples

The icosahedron is one of the five platonic solids. This figure is formed by twenty congruent triangular faces. That is, all its faces have the same dimensions. Therefore, we can calculate its volume using the length of one of its sides in a standard formula.

Here, we will learn how to calculate the volume of an icosahedron. We will look at how to obtain its formula, and we will apply it to solve some practice problems.

GEOMETRY
Formula for the volume of an icosahedron

Relevant for

Learning to calculate the volume of an icosahedron with examples.

See examples

GEOMETRY
Formula for the volume of an icosahedron

Relevant for

Learning to calculate the volume of an icosahedron with examples.

See examples

Formula for the volume of an icosahedron

The icosahedron is a regular three-dimensional figure, so all its faces have the same shape and the same dimensions. Therefore, we can calculate the volume of an icosahedron using the length of one of its sides in the following formula:

$$V=\frac{5(3+\sqrt{5})}{12}{{a}^3}$$

where a is the length of one of the sides of the icosahedron.

Icosahedron with sides

Alternatively, we can simplify this equation by getting an approximation for the fraction on the right-hand side of the equation. Thus, we have:

$latex V=2.1817{{a}^3}$


Volume of an icosahedron – Examples with answers

The following examples are solved by applying the formula for the volume of an icosahedron. Each example has its answer, but try to solve the problems yourself before looking at the solution.

EXAMPLE 1

Find the volume of an icosahedron that has sides with a length of 2 ft.

To solve this problem, we are going to use the icosahedron formula with a=2. Therefore, we have:

$$V=\frac{5(3+\sqrt{5})}{12}{{a}^3}$$

$latex V=2.1817{{a}^3}$

$latex V=2.1817\times {{2}^3}$

$latex V=2.1817\times 8$

$latex V=17.45$

The volume of the icosahedron is $latex 17.45~{{ft}^3}$.

EXAMPLE 2

What is the volume of an icosahedron that has sides with a length of 4 ft?

We apply the formula for the volume of an icosahedron using the value a=4:

$$V=\frac{5(3+\sqrt{5})}{12}{{a}^3}$$

$latex V=2.1817{{a}^3}$

$latex V=2.1817\times {{4}^3}$

$latex V=2.1817\times 64$

$latex V=139.63$

The volume of the icosahedron is $latex 139.63~{{ft}^3}$.

EXAMPLE 3

If an icosahedron has sides with a length of 7 in, what is its volume?

Using the formula for the volume of an icosahedron with length a=7, we have:

$$V=\frac{5(3+\sqrt{5})}{12}{{a}^3}$$

$latex V=2.1817{{a}^3}$

$latex V=2.1817\times {{7}^3}$

$latex V=2.1817\times 343$

$latex V=748.32$

The volume of the given icosahedron is $latex 748.32~{{in}^3}$.

EXAMPLE 4

The volume of an icosahedron is $latex 60~{{ft}^3}$. What is the length of one of its sides?

In this example, we know the volume of the icosahedron and we have to find the length of one of its sides. Therefore, we can use the volume formula and solve for a:

$$V=\frac{5(3+\sqrt{5})}{12}{{a}^3}$$

$latex V=2.1817{{a}^3}$

$latex 60=2.1817{{a}^3}$

$latex 27.5={{a}^3}$

$latex a=3.02$

The icosahedron has sides with a length of 3.02 ft.

EXAMPLE 5

Determine the length of the sides of an icosahedron that has a volume of $latex 170~{{in}^3}$.

Let’s use the volume formula and solve for a:

$$V=\frac{5(3+\sqrt{5})}{12}{{a}^3}$$

$latex V=2.1817{{a}^3}$

$latex 170=2.1817{{a}^3}$

$latex 77.92={{a}^3}$

$latex a=4.27$

The sides of the icosahedron have a length of 4.27 in.

EXAMPLE 6

If the volume of an icosahedron is $latex 1117~{{ft}^3}$, what is the length of one of its sides?

Using the volume formula and solving for a, we have:

$$V=\frac{5(3+\sqrt{5})}{12}{{a}^3}$$

$latex V=2.1817{{a}^3}$

$latex 1117=2.1817{{a}^3}$

$latex 512={{a}^3}$

$latex a=8$

The icosahedron has sides with a length of 8 ft.

EXAMPLE 7

Find the volume of an icosahedron that has sides with a length of 11 ft.

We use the volume formula with length a=11. Therefore, we have:

$$ V=\frac{5(3+\sqrt{5})}{12}{{a}^3}$$

$latex V=2.1817{{a}^3}$

$latex V=2.1817\times {{11}^3}$

$latex V=2.1817\times 1331$

$latex V=2903.84$

The volume of the icosahedron is $latex 2903.84~{{ft}^3}$.


Volume of an icosahedron – Practice problems

Solve the following practice problems by applying the formula for the volume of an icosahedron. See the solved examples above for reference.

What is the volume of an icosahedron that has sides with a length 3 ft?

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Find the volume of an icosahedron that has sides with a length of 5 ft.

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Find the length of the sides of an icosahedron that has a volume of $latex 495.2~{{in}^3}$.

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If the volume of an icosahedron is equal to $latex 1293.1 ~{{ft}^3}$, what is the length of its sides?

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Find the volume of an icosahedron that has side lengths of 9.4 in.

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