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The surface area of a pentagonal pyramid represents the entire surface occupied by the pyramid in three-dimensional space. This is a two-dimensional measure, so we use square units to represent it. The surface area of any geometric figure is calculated by adding the areas of all the faces of the figure. In this case, we have one pentagonal face and five triangular faces.

Here, we will learn about the formula that we can use to calculate the surface area of pentagonal pyramids. Then, we will use this formula to solve some problems.

##### GEOMETRY

Relevant for

Learning about the surface area of a pentagonal pyramid.

See examples

##### GEOMETRY

Relevant for

Learning about the surface area of a pentagonal pyramid.

See examples

## Formula to find the surface area of a pentagonal pyramid

The surface area is calculated by adding the areas of all the faces of a geometric figure. Pentagonal pyramids have one pentagonal face and five lateral triangular faces. To find the area of the pentagonal face, we use the following formula:

where l represents the length of one of the sides of the pentagonal base.

On the other hand, the area of triangular faces is found by using the formula for the area of any triangle:

where b represents the length of the triangle’s base and h represents the height.

In pentagonal pyramids, the bases of the triangular faces are equal to the length of one of the sides of the base. Also, the five triangular faces are congruent. That means the formula for the surface area of these pyramids is:

## Surface area of a pentagonal pyramid – Examples with answers

Use the following examples to practice the process used to calculate the surface area of pentagonal pyramids. Each example has its respective solution, but it is recommended that you try to solve the problems yourself before looking at the answer.

### EXAMPLE 1

What is the surface area of a pentagonal pyramid with a height of 5 m and sides of length 1 m?

From the question, we have the lengths and . Using the volume formula with these values, we have:

The surface area is equal to 14.22 m².

### EXAMPLE 2

If a pyramid has a height of 6 m and a pentagonal base with sides of 2 m, what is its surface area?

We look at the lengths and . If we use these values in the volume formula, we have:

The surface area is equal to 36.88 m².

### EXAMPLE 3

What is the surface area of a pentagonal pyramid that has sides of 4 m and a height of 10 m?

We use the lengths and in the volume formula. Therefore, we have:

The surface area is equal to 127.52 m².

### EXAMPLE 4

If a pentagonal pyramid has sides that are 6 m long and 12 m high, what is its surface area?

We substitute the lengths and in the formula for the surface area:

The surface area is equal to 141.92 m².

## Surface area of a pentagonal pyramid – Practice problems

Practice using the pentagonal pyramids surface area formula by solving the following problems. If you need help with this, you can look at the solved examples above.